Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger
has signed a revised $85 billion budget and targeted welfare programs for deeper cuts, prompting opposition Democrats to threaten to block his political agenda during his final months in office.
"This kind of game playing by the governor doesn't bode well for success in terms of water, corrections, pensions or any of the other items that he is looking to," Assembly Speaker Karen Bass said in a statement Tuesday.
Schwarzenegger, a Republican, called the latest budget package aimed at balancing the state's budget through June 30, 2010, the toughest since he took office in 2003. He said it included reforms he has long sought and forces government to live within its means by cutting billions from education to prisons.
Schwarzenegger described the overall package as containing "the good, the bad and the ugly," the ugly referring to his additional cuts to child welfare programs, health care for the poor and AIDS prevention efforts. About 100 of 279 state parks also face closure.
"We cannot afford the programs that we used to be able to afford," Schwarzenegger said after cutting an additional $656 million.
The governor said additional cuts were needed to provide the state a cash cushion in tough times after the state Assembly rejected about $1.1 billion in possible revenues from local transportation funding and by allowing new offshore oil drilling.
His vetoes drew sharp criticism from advocates who said more children would go without insurance, foster families would receive less money and the state would cut HIV/AIDS testing.
"The governor's heartless act is not only deadly, but guaranteed to cost California taxpayers millions more in the future," said Michael Weinstein, president of AIDS Healthcare Foundation.
Schwarzenegger and lawmakers are hoping the new budget will allow the state to stop issuing IOUs. As of Monday, California had handed out nearly 210,000 registered warrants worth $1 billion to vendors and contractors.
California's economy has been hit by the housing market slump and high unemployment. The latest efforts to close a $26 billion shortfall came just five months after lawmakers and the governor ended months of negotiations to close a previous $42 billion deficit.
Despite more than $15 billion in spending cuts, the budget package plan will likely do little to improve the state's poor credit rating because it contains many accounting tricks.
Fitch Ratings rates California's general obligation bond debt at "BBB," which is still investment-grade. Most states have a higher-quality "AAA" or "AA" ratings.
Among the questionable maneuvers in the plan, the state will accelerate income tax withholding by 10 percent to inflate revenues during the year and shift state employee payroll by one day for a paper savings of $1.2 billion. The state also will sell a portion of its workers compensation insurance business for $1 billion, which the Legislature's nonpartisan analyst doubts can be done within the fiscal year.
Schwarzenegger angered Democrats who hold a majority of seats in the Legislature by targeting social programs.
Assemblyman Jim Nielsen, R-Yuba City, said some of the governor's cuts could be prevented if lawmakers reconsidered allowing additional oil drilling off the Santa Barbara coast.
The governor's vetoes included $80 million from child welfare programs; $61 million from county funding to administer Medi-Cal, California's version of Medicaid; $52 million from AIDS prevention and treatment; $50 million from Healthy Families, the low-cost health insurance program for poor children; and $6.2 million more from state parks.Eve
n with the revised budget deal, California will need to borrow $8 billion to $10 billion to cover its cash needs this year. The state faces another $7 billion to $8 billion deficit next year.